Have your eye pressure checked regularly within a minute
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a complex disease in which damage to the optic nerve fibers, causes progressive, irreversible vision and visual field loss. One of the modifiable risk factors that we monitor and treat is abnormal eye pressure.
- Family history
- Age over 40
- African Americans
- Patients with high refractive errors
Reasons of/ increased intra-Ocular pressure (IOP)
Human eye has a fluid called the aqueous humor, this fluid drains from very fine canals right at the corner where the iris and the cornea meets. This system is very sensitive and any problem affecting this drainage will result in an increase in IOP and causes pressure on the nerve fibers of the optic nerve. Consequently, there will be damage to these sensitive fibers and permanent vision loss.
How Is It Diagnosed?
Your eye doctor will test your vision and examine your eyes. He’ll check your optic nerve, may take photographs of the nerve to help him track your disease over time.
He’ll do a test called tonometry to check your eye pressure. He’ll also do a visual field test, if necessary, to figure out if you’ve lost your side, or peripheral, vision.
An OCT test is very useful test where the doctor can take a precise photo of your optic nerve fibers to see the damaged ones.
Glaucoma tests are painless and take very little time.